|Grao en Química|
|General Chemistry 2|
|Subject||General Chemistry 2||Code||610G01008|
|Graduate||2nd four-month period
|Gases.||-Pressure of a gas.
-Gases laws: Boyle, Charles-Gay Lussac and Avogadro.
-General equation of ideal gases and its applications.
-Molecular kinetic theory of gases.
-Real gases: van der Waals equation.
|Chemical Thermodynamics.||-Basic concepts in Chemical Thermodynamics.
-Heat and work: sign convention.
-First law of Thermodynamics. Internal energy.
-Functions of state. Enthalpy, Standard states.
-Standard enthalpies of formation.
|Pure liquids and solids.||-Overview of the intermolecular forces in liquids and solids.
-Some properties of liquids and solids: surface tension, viscosity, lattice energy.
-Phase transitions: equation of Clausius-Clapeyron.
-Phase diagrams: triple and critical points.
|Solutions.||-Intermolecular forces and solution process.
-Solubility of solids and gases. Henry's Law.
-Colligative properties of solutions: lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point and osmotic pressure
|Chemical kinetics.||-Rate of reaction. Rate equation. Reaction orders. Rate constant.
-Determination of rate equation: Method of initial rates and integrated equations method.
-Effect of temperature on the rate of reaction: Arrhenius equation.
-Theoretical models in Chemical Kinetics.
|Practical demonstrations||-Determination of the molar mass of a volatile liquid.
-Determination of the freezing point and the depression of the freezing point.
-Determination of the heats of reaction at constant pressure.
-Determination of the rate of a reaction. Effect of temperature.