|The following lessons develop the established contents in the Verification Memory, that are:
||I.- Structure of the matter. Energy and kinetical of the chemical reactions
II.- Chemical equilibrium: types and applications
III.- Applications of the electrochemistry. Principles of instrumental analysis
IV.- Bases of the industrial chemistry. Balances of matter
V.- Organic and inorganic chemistry applied to the engineering
|Lesson 1.- Basic concepts of General Chemistry:
||Fundamental Principles of Chemistry. The atom: quantum mechanical description. Periodic table and periodic properties. Chemical link: types of link.
|Lesson 2.- Thermochemistry:
||Introduction: first principle of thermodynamics. Heats of reaction, enthalpy. Thermochemistry: Law of Hess. Calorimetry. Second principle of thermodynamics: entropy. Third principle of thermodynamics: spontaneity of the reaction.
|Lesson 3.- Chemical Kinetics:
||The rate of reaction. The rate law. Determination of the rate of reaction. Order of reaction. The collisions and of the state of transition theories. Activation energy. Reaction mechanisms. Catalysis: Catalysts.
|Lesson 4.- Chemical equilibrium in gaseous phase:
Nature of the chemical equilibrium. The equilibrium constant: applications. Heterogeneous equilibria. Factors that affect chemical equilibrium: Le Châtelier’s principle. Relation between equilibrium constants. Effect of changes in the temperature on the equilibrium constant.
| Lesson 5.- Acid-base equilibria:
||Acid-base definitions. Autoionization of water. Concept of pH: determination. Dissociation of acids and bases. Acid-base properties of the salts. Acid-base reactions. Buffer solutions. Acid-basic titrations: indicators.
|Lesson 6.- Oxidation-reduction (redox) equilibria:
||Methods of balancing redox equations. Electrochemical foundations: galvanic cells. Free energy and voltage of the battery. The Nernst equation. Redox titrations.
| Lesson 7.- Applications of the electrochemistry:
||Primary commercial cells and accumulators. Fuel cells. Electrolytic cells. Industrial applications of the electrolysis: electrodeposition. Metallic corrosion.
|Lesson 8.- Principles of Instrumental Analysis:
||Analytical Chemistry: concept and division. Classification of quantitative analytical methods. Instrumental analytical methods: classification. Parameters of validation of an analytical method. Evaluation of results.
|Lesson 9.- Principles of Organic Chemistry:
||Naming organic compounds. Functional groups. Homologous series. Isomery. Determination of molecular structures.
|Lesson 10.- Saturated, unsaturated and aromatic hydrocarbons:
||Classification. Saturated hydrocarbons: naming, sources, synthesis and properties. Alkenes and alkynes: structure, nomenclature, synthesis and properties. Aromatic compounds: structure, nomenclature, obtaining and properties. Benzene.
|Lesson 11.- Other organic compounds:
||Compounds of functional groups with simple link: alkyl halides, alcohols, phenols, ethers and amines. Compounds of functional groups with multiple links: carbonyl group compounds, carboxylic acids and his derivatives.
|Lesson 12.- Bases of the Industrial Chemistry. Balances of matter:
||Prime Matters that uses the chemical industry. The energy in the chemical industry. The chemical processes: examples. Diagrams of flow. The chemical products. Ecological and environmental considerations.
|Lesson 13.- Organic Chemistry applied to the engineering:
||Coal. Oil. Natural gas. Biomass. Natural and synthetic polymers.
|Lesson 14.- Inorganic Chemistry applied to the engineering:
||Metallurgy. Semiconductors. Industrial synthesis of an inorganic compound (industry of the chloride of sodium).