Identifying Data 2019/20
Subject (*) Animal biotechnology Code 610475304
Study programme
Mestrado Universitario en Biotecnoloxía Avanzada
Descriptors Cycle Period Year Type Credits
Official Master's Degree 2nd four-month period
First Optional 3
Language
Spanish
Teaching method Face-to-face
Prerequisites
Department Bioloxía
Coordinador
Mendez Felpeto, Josefina
E-mail
josefina.mendez@udc.es
Lecturers
Insua Pombo, Ana Maria
Mendez Felpeto, Josefina
E-mail
ana.insua@udc.es
josefina.mendez@udc.es
Web http://masterbiotecnologiaavanzada.com/
General description Trátase dunha materia na que se pretende presentar aos alumnos os aspectos básicos da biotecnoloxía animal. Comprender os fundamentos de ferramentas moleculares para o estudo de genomas e como a través de marcadores moleculares podénse identificar especies, analizar poboacións e desenvolver programas de mellora. Tamén coñecer ferramentas e aplicacións de tecnoloxías para a manipulación cromosómica e fertilización in vitro.
Contingency plan

Study programme competencies
Code Study programme competences
A1 Saber buscar e analizar a biodiversidade de microorganismos, plantas e animais así como seleccionar os de maior interese biotecnolóxico (aplicado).
A5 Coñecer os principios da xenómica e a proteómica.
A7 Saber buscar, obter e interpretar a información das bases de datos biolóxicos: xenómicas, proteómicas, transcriptómicas e metabolómicas e utilizar as ferramentas básicas da bioinformática.
A21 Coñecer os recursos microbianos, vexetais e animais de interese biotecnolóxico así como as súas aplicacións na industria alimentaria e agropecuaria.
A24 Coñecer as estratexias de produción e mellora de alimentos por métodos biotecnolóxicos.
B1 Capacidade de análise e síntese (localización de problemas e identificación das causas e a súa tipoloxía).
B2 Capacidade de organización e planificación de todos os recursos (humanos, materiais, información e infraestruturas).
B3 Capacidade de xestión da información (con apoio de tecnoloxías da información e as comunicacións).
B4 Capacidade de planificación e elaboración de estudos técnicos en biotecnoloxía microbiana, vexetal e animal.
B5 Capacidade de identificar problemas, buscar solucións e aplicalas nun contexto biotecnolóxico profesional ou de investigación.
B6 Capacidade de comunicación oral e escrita dos plans e decisións tomadas.
B7 Capacidade para formular xuízos sobre a problemática ética e social, actual e futura, que propón a Biotecnoloxía.
B8 Capacidade de comunicación eficazmente coa comunidade científica, profesional e académica, así como con outros sectores e medios de comunicación.
B9 Capacidade de Traballo en equipo multidepartamental dentro da empresa.
B10 Capacidade de Traballo nun contexto de sostibilidade, caracterizado por: sensibilidade polo medio ambiente e polos diferentes organismos que o integran así como concienciación polo desenvolvemento sostible.
B11 Racionamento crítico e respecto profundo pola ética e a integridade intelectual.
B12 Adaptación a novas situacións legais, ou novidades tecnolóxicas así como a excepcionalidades asociadas a situacións de urxencia.
B13 Aprendizaxe autónoma.
B14 Liderazgo e capacidade de coordinación.
B15 Sensibilización cara á calidade, o respecto medioambiental e o consumo responsable de recursos e a recuperación de residuos.

Learning aims
Learning outcomes Study programme competences
Ability to identify the different biotechnological applications that animal resources have in the sector of food and agriculture. AC1
AC5
AC7
AC21
AC24
BC1
BC2
BC3
BC5
BC7
BC8
BC10
BC12
BC13
BC15
Ability to develop production strategies based on food improvement by biotechnological methods. AC1
AC5
AC7
AC21
AC24
BC1
BC2
BC3
BC4
BC5
BC6
BC7
BC8
BC9
BC10
BC11
BC12
BC13
BC14
BC15

Contents
Topic Sub-topic
Genomics and its application in the exploitation of natural animal variability. Structural and functional genomics. Animal genomes. Paradox of C-Value. Genomic regions and their variation. Gene identification. Linkage maps.

Breeding and marker-assisted selection Molecular makers: types, characteristics, development and analysis. Selection of quantitative traits in animals. Detection and analysis of QTLs. Use of identified genes in genetic improvement. Genome-wide association studies. Genomic selection.
Control of reproduction and assisted reproductive technologies in animals.
In vitro fertilization and embryo production
Micromanipulation of gametes and embryos
Sex determination.
Chromosome manipulation in fish and shellfish Poliploidy. Gynogenesis. Androgenesis. Monosex populations. Production of clones.


Planning
Methodologies / tests Competencies Ordinary class hours Student’s personal work hours Total hours
Laboratory practice A21 A24 B9 8 0 8
Objective test A1 A5 A7 B1 B3 B4 B5 B6 0 20 20
Supervised projects A1 A5 B1 B2 B6 B7 B8 B10 B13 B14 0 10 10
Guest lecture / keynote speech A24 A21 B11 B12 B15 20 16 36
 
Personalized attention 1 0 1
 
(*)The information in the planning table is for guidance only and does not take into account the heterogeneity of the students.

Methodologies
Methodologies Description
Laboratory practice Visit a labotatory where biotechnology tools are used for animal reproduction
Objective test This test will be used to assess learning and knowledge, skills and abilities acquired in this subject.
Supervised projects Students, in groups or individually, will write an essay about some aspect of the subject
Guest lecture / keynote speech Lectures will be given by the course teachers in order to convey a general knowledge of the subject.
Lectures will be held by videoconference and dialogue between students and teachers will be encouraged.

Personalized attention
Methodologies
Supervised projects
Description
Custom and group tutorial sessions are possible, either in person or via videoconference, for advice on jobs and to review any subject-related issue.

In the case of justified exceptional circumstances, additional measures may be taken, so that the student can pass the subject.

Assessment
Methodologies Competencies Description Qualification
Supervised projects A1 A5 B1 B2 B6 B7 B8 B10 B13 B14 Originality, degree of understanding of the topic, ability to synthesize and review and consulted literature sources will be evaluated.
20
Guest lecture / keynote speech A24 A21 B11 B12 B15 Attitude attendance and participation in the dialogues promoted by teachers will be evaluated.
30
Laboratory practice A21 A24 B9 Attendance at practices will be assessed. Students will respond to questionnaires on practice-visits they make.
10
Objective test A1 A5 A7 B1 B3 B4 B5 B6 The objective test will allow the student to demonstrate mastery of the knowledge acquired on basic issues of the subject. It will consist of several short questions about the contents explained by the teachers.
40
 
Assessment comments

To be assessed it is necesary to take the objective test.

Preferably, first class honors will be awarded in June among students with a score of 9 or higher.

The grade of Non Attendance (NP) will be applied to students that do not complete any of the proposed activities.


Sources of information
Basic Smith J.E. (2004). Biotecnología . Acribia S.A.
Allis, D., Jenuwein, T., Reinberg, D. & M.T. Caparros (2007). Epigenetics. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Lewin B. (2008). Genes IX. McGraw Hill
Piferrer, F., Felip, A., Cal, R.M. (2007). Inducción de la triploidía y la ginogénesis para la obtención de peces estériles y poblaciones monosexo en acuicultura . En Genética y genómica en acuicultura. Observatorio Español de Acuicultura, Madrid.
Cortés Rubio, E.& Morcillo Ortega G. (2002). Ingenieria Genética. Manipulación de genes y genomas. Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
Thieman W.J. & Palladino M.A. (2009). Introduction to Biotechnology Second Edition. Pearson International Edition
Ruvinsky, A., Marshall-Graves, J.A. (2005). Mammalian Genomics. CABI Publishing
Piferrer, F., Beaumont, A., Falguière, J.C., Flajshans, Haffray, P., Colombo, L (2009). Polyploid fish and shellfish: production, biology, applications to aquaculture for performance improvement and genetic containement. Aquaculture 293: 125-156
Lynch, M (2007). The Origins of Genome Architecture. Sinauer Assoc., Sunderland

Complementary


Recommendations
Subjects that it is recommended to have taken before
Genetic Engineering and Transgenetics /610475101
Cellular and Tissue Engineering/610475102
Genomics and Proteomics/610475103

Subjects that are recommended to be taken simultaneously
Organisation and management of a laboratory/610475201
Legal and ethical aspects in Biotechnology/610475203
Analysis of foodstuff. food security and traceability /610475302

Subjects that continue the syllabus
Assisted reproduction technology/610475502

Other comments

Students are recommended to have the necessary English level to understand scientific information sources for the proper learning of the skills of the subject.



(*)The teaching guide is the document in which the URV publishes the information about all its courses. It is a public document and cannot be modified. Only in exceptional cases can it be revised by the competent agent or duly revised so that it is in line with current legislation.