Teaching GuideTerm
Faculty of Science
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Grao en Química
Topic Sub-topic
Crystallography and symmetry of crystalline matter 1. Introduction to crystallography and mineralogy. Definition of crystal and mineral. Main properties of crystalline matter. Fundamentals of crystal chemistry: coordination.
2. Crystal systems: Orthorhombic, tetragonal, hexagonal, monoclinic, triclinic and isometric.
3. Point symmetry: symmetry elements, symmetry class.
4. Morphology of crystal forms: crystallographic axis, axis relations, faces, Miller indices.
5. Crystallographic projections (spheric and stereographic).
6. Planar symmetry: 2-dimensional order and planar lattices. Planar symmetry and groups.
7. Space symmetry: 3-dimensional order. Bravais lattices. Space symmetry (glide planes and screw axes). Space groups. Relations between point groups and space groups.
8. Molecular symmetry and Schoenflies notation.
Geological processes, mineral formation, and types of rocks 9. Formation of chemical elements.
10. Formation of minerals.
11. Types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.
12. The most aboundant minerals in Earth crust: silicates.
Chemical and physical properties of crystalline matter 13. Physical properties of minerals: cleavage and fracture, hardness, piezoelectricity, pyroelectricity, magnetic properties.
14. Optical properties: X-ray diffraction, color, luster and streak, refraction, luminescence and phosphorescence).
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